Liver cancer is the sixth most common cancer worldwide. According to Globocan 2020 estimates, there were over 900,000 new diagnoses globally. Liver cancer is more prevalent in men, where 632,000 men were diagnosed with liver cancer vs. 273,000 women. Liver cancer incidence rates vary globally, and Mongolia had the highest incidence of liver cancer, with the United States ranking #26.1
A few risk factors for liver cancer include:2
- Gender: Hepatocellular carcinoma, which is the most common type of liver cancer, is more common in men than in women.
- Race/Ethnicity: In the United States, the highest rates of liver cancer are found in Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders.
- Chronic Viral Hepatitis: The most common risk factor is chronic infection with hepatitis B or hepatitis C virus.
- Heavy Alcohol Use
- Tobacco Use
- Being Overweight or Obese
- Certain rare diseases: Diseases that can increase the risk of liver cancer include Tyrosinemia, Alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency, Porphyria cutanea tarda, Glycogen storage diseases and Wilson disease.
- Anabolic steroids
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