Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men with 1.3 million new diagnoses in 20181. It is important to discuss both the risks and benefits of prostate cancer screening with your doctor. Screening may include a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test and a digital rectal exam. Prostate cancer risk factors include:2
- Age: Risk increases with age.
- Race: Black men have a higher incidence of prostate cancer.
- Family History: Risk increases if you had a father or brother with prostate cancer.
- Genetic Mutations: Inherited mutations of the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes can increase risk of prostate cancer.
- Chemical Exposure: Those exposed certain chemicals like pesticides and herbicides are at higher risk.
- Firefighters: Research shows that firefighters are at a 28% greater risk than the general population to be diagnosed with prostate cancer.