Kidney Cancer

Your kidneys filter blood and remove waste and extra fluids as urine. Kidney cancer – also known as renal cell cancer (RCC)– is the 14th most common cancer worldwide. According to Globocan 2020 estimates, there were approximately 431,000 new diagnoses worldwide. Kidney cancer is more prevalent in men, where 271,00 men were diagnosed with kidney cancer vs. 160,000 women. Kidney cancer incidence rates vary globally, and Czechia had the highest incidence of kidney cancer with the United States ranking #11.1

Signs of kidney cancer may include blood in urine, persistent pain in your back or side, loss of appetite, lethargy, intermittent fever, and/or unexplained weight loss.

Kidney Cancer

A few risk factors for kidney cancer include:2

  • Gender: RCC is twice as common in men than in women.
  • Race: Blacks and American Indians/Alaska Natives have slightly higher rates of RCC than do Caucasians.
  • Family history
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • High blood pressure
  • Genetic & Hereditary Risk Factors: Those with von Hippel-Lindau disease, Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome, tuberous sclerosis complex, or hereditary papillary renal cell carcinoma have an increased risk of kidney cancer.
  • Chemical Exposure: Risk of kidney cancer increases with workplace exposures to certain substances such as trichloroethylene.

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