The prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system. Prostate cancer is the fourth most common cancer worldwide, and according to Globocan 2020 estimates, there were 1.4 million new diagnoses. Prostate cancer incidence rates vary globally, and Guadeloupe and Martinique, which are French Islands located in the Southern Caribbean Sea, have the highest prostate cancer rates, with the United States ranking #35.1
A few prostate cancer risk factors include:2
- Age: Prostate cancer risk rises after the age of 50.
- Race/Ethnicity: There is a higher incidence of prostate cancer in Black and Caribbean men of African ancestry than in men of other races.
- Geography: Prostate cancer is most common in the Caribbean islands, North America, Northwestern Europe, and Australia.
- Family History
- Gene Changes: Inherited mutations of the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes can increase risk of prostate cancer.
- Diet: Those who consume red meat or high-fat foods (especially dairy products) are at higher risk of prostate cancer.
- Chemical Exposure: Firefighters can be exposed to chemicals that may increase their risk of prostate cancer.
- Inflammation of the Prostate
- Sexually Transmitted Infections
To learn more about prostate cancer, please take a look through resources we've curated for you by selecting the area you're interested in above.