Stomach cancer is the fifth most common cancer worldwide. According to Globocan 2018 estimates , there were approximately 1 million new diagnoses globally. Stomach cancer is more prevalent in men, where 684,000 men were diagnosed with stomach cancer vs. 350,000 women. Stomach cancer incidence rates vary globally, and Japan, South Korea and China had the highest rates in the world, with the United States ranking #91.1
A few risk factors for stomach cancer include:2
- Gender: Stomach cancer is more common in men than in women.
- Age: Most people diagnosed with stomach cancer are between their late 60s and 80s.
- Ethnicity: Stomach cancer is more common in Hispanic Americans, Blacks, Native Americans, and Asian/Pacific Islanders.
- Helicobacter Pylori Infection
- Diet: People that consume large amounts of smoked foods, salted fish and meat, and pickled vegetables are at an increased risk of stomach cancer.
- Tobacco Use
- Being Overweight or Obese
- Previous Stomach Surgery
- Pernicious Anemia
- Family History
- Some Types of Stomach Polyps
- Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection
- Certain Occupations: For example, workers in the coal, metal, and rubber industries seem to have a higher risk of stomach cancer.
- Common Variable Immune Deficiency (CVID)
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